The Shrinking Fields of Pokkali A centuries-old organic farming in the backwaters of Kerala, making use of a symbiotic relationship between rice crop and prawns, is slowly disappearing as it is not commercially viable anymore and because of the high demand for real estate.
Hill rice farming in Sabah, East Malaysia In a Dusun ethnic community in Bundu village in the Keningau district of the state of Sabah in East Malaysia, traditional hill rice cultivation is still practised.
The rice-duck farming system, which has been proven successful in Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam and China, is not only effective in eliminating insects and weeds but also enables poor farmers to obtain not only rice but also subsidiary products (duck meat and eggs) from the same piece of land. Furthermore, the ducklings' natural movement aerates the soil and strengthens rice stalks and the duck manure serves as natural fertilizer as it provides all essential nutrients to the soil and paddy, leaving the farmer with considerable time to invest in other income-producing activities. In overall, this type of integrated farming method ultimately eliminates the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides, thus protect human health and environment, while helps farmer to increase income.
Growing traditional rice varieties anew
Rice farmers in the Sekeduk district in Sarawak, Malaysia, were not only able to save traditional rice varieties but also increase the rice yield and spatial planting thanks to the introduction of ducks in paddy fields as “they acted as herbicide, pesticide and fertilizer.”
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Duck power and a tale of success: From six acres to an ecosystem